Generally speaking, there are four basic types of healthy skin – normal, dry, oily, combination.
Skin Type is determined by genetics. Genetics are also the reason an individual may have a predisposition to skin conditions such as psoriasis, dermatitis, or even just sensitive skin.
In addition, there are some genetic diseases, such as diabetes and kidney disorders, that negatively affect the overall health of the skin.
However, all that said, the condition of the skin is also heavily influenced by other internal and external factors. For example, someone who is born with ‘normal’ skin may experience skin difficulties if they spend too much time unprotected in the sun or in the presence of other environmental pollutants.
‘Normal’ is a term widely used to refer to well-balanced skin. Those with normal skin type will typically have no blemishes, not be prone to sensitivity or skin tightness, have very fine pores on their face and very good blood circulation.
A gentle, regular skin care routine can help keep the skin firm and fresh-looking. Products that can help maintain this type of skin include water-soluble cleansers and toners that contain antioxidants and a light moisturizer.
Dry skin is a skin type that produces less sebum than normal skin. The results of that are the lack of lipides – the mix of cholesterol, fatty acids, and ceramides on the surface of the skin that is need it to retain moisture and protect skin against external influences (i.e., weather, UV rays, smoke, and other pollutants). Not protecting your skin against these external factors can exacerbate the skin dryness or even be a continuing cause of it.On the face, dryness is usually apparent on the cheeks/jowls and around the eyes, while in winter, lips can also become dry and chapped-looking.Regular water loss from the glands (i.e., perspiration) can dehydrate skin, which is not necessary the same thing as a dry skin type. This can be cause by ongoing sports or other energetic activity, heat or even stress.
For naturally dry skin, oil-based products, often containing humectants that work to address thirsty skin.
‘Oily’ skin is the opposite of dry skin in that is suffer to much sebum production. This is known as seborrhoea. Oily skin is genetic, but it can also be triggered by a change in hormones, using medication, and again stress.
An indication of oily skin is that appears shiny and has enlarged, clearly visible pores. This type of skin it prone to pimples (blackheads and whiteheads) and too mild as well as severe acne.
Water based moisturizers and other skin products are the best for oily skin types, as this ensures no additional oil is layered on the problem area.
Combination skin is the name suggests. It is skin that experiences dryness and oiliness in different areas. Often, it is characterised by an oily T-zone (forehead, chin, and nose), with dry or normal skin around the cheek and jowl area.
Although is the most common skin type, and best products that you can use for combination skin are lightweight and hydrating with mild gentle cleanser and toners that help to maintain a natural balance.
We should all take care to better protect our skin, such us staying out of the glare of UV rays, eating, and drinking natural foods that nourish your skin, etc. However, you still need a specific or individualised skincare routine to look after your own skin type.